The Venezuelan Crisis: Understanding the Exodus and Humanitarian Costs
Description or Abstract
In 1998 when Hugo Chavez became president of Venezuela, more than 50% of the population lived below the poverty line,the annual inflation rate exceeded 30% and oil prices where in decline. The "Bolivarian Revolution" started a comprehensive reform of all government activities and allocation of State resources that resulted in food distribution programs, a publicly funded health care system, and inclusive education. However, since Chavez's death in 2013, the country has been in a downward spiral to present day. Critical shortages of food and medicine, social discontent, and government oppression sparked one of the biggest exoduses of our time. According to the United Nations, in February 2020 there are 4.8 million Venezuelans living abroad, out of which more than 800,000 are asylum seekers in different parts of the world. In this talk we will discuss some of the historical and political causes of this crisis,wewill share some thoughts on the present state of affairs, and we will analyze the humanitarian cost and migrant rights implications for hos countries, international organizations and the Venezuelan people themselves
Venezuela, Exodus, crisis
Center for Migration and Refugee Studies
Dr Gerda Heck
Abaunza, Carlos, "The Venezuelan Crisis: Understanding the Exodus and Humanitarian Costs" (2020). Audio & Video by Faculty: Webinars, interviews, documentaries, etc.... 87.